Narrow, winding country lanes are a characteristic feature of the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Beauty (AONB). They can be of considerable biodiversity as well as historic value. Many country lanes, along with other routeways, such as bridleways, byways or footpaths, are important historic landscape features which can still retain much of the atmosphere of times before the invention of the combustion engine. Frequently associated with country lanes are old sign posts, milestones, former drovers’ ponds, roadside quarries for stone to repair the track, and ancient pollarded trees. The last often mark where parish, manor or ownership boundaries cross routes. Country lanes are commonly narrow routes bounded on either side by hedges, shaws or fences, sinuous in form as they link farm to farm and hamlet to hamlet. A particular characteristic feature of the Surrey Hills is the hollow way, or sunken lane. The relatively soft geology together with the general steepness of slope and the passage of feet combined with natural water erosion of the sands and chalk has produced these deep narrow lanes bounded by high banks. The tops of the hollow ways are often enclosed by ancient beech, yew and oak trees. Other country lanes are broad routes with wide verges the remnants of former commons and greens where roadside ‘waste’ was once utilised for grazing. Background The Surrey Hills AONB Management Plan (2004) seeks to provide opportunities for people to enjoy country lanes in greater safety. The aims for country lanes are to:
- protect and enhance their rural and historic character
- discourage through traffic and inappropriate use by HGV’s
- reduce traffic speeds and make lanes safer, quieter and more accessible for pedestrians, cyclists and equestrians
Country lanes are usually not capable of coping with modern day traffic. This and ‘creeping urbanisation’ can have a negative impact on the character and amenity value of many country lanes in the Surrey Hills. One of the best ways to improve safety is to increase or make use of perception of danger. Principles of good design and management Designing and managing country lanes in line with the following principles will create an environment that is more attractive and help to encourage safer and a more considerate approach to driving in the Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
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